The accessibility of health information on the Internet has revolutionized access to clinical information for health practitioners and patients. This access to information has the potential to make a major contribution to health care. However, the effective use of this accessibility depends on an understanding of all the issues involved, from the underlying technologies and economic pressures, to questions of how best to manage quality and privacy, how people seek and use information, and what the barriers to its use are. Cullen's book also examines the extent of health information on the Internet, the providers of websites and their content, and outlines the nature of the paradigm shift affecting knowledge in the health sector.
Drawing on the authors' more than six years of R&D in location-based information systems (LBIS) as well as their participation in defining the Java ME Location API 2.0, Location-Based Information Systems: Developing Real-Time Tracking Applications provides information and examples for creating real-time LBIS based on GPS-enabled cellular phones. Each chapter presents a general real-time tracking system example that can be easily adapted to target any application domain and that can incorporate other sensor data to make the system "participatory sensing" or "human-centric sensing."
The book covers all of the components needed to develop an LBIS. It discusses cellular phone programming using the Java ME platform, positioning technologies, databases and spatial databases, communications, client- and server-side data processing, and real-time data visualization via Google Maps and Google Earth. Using freely available software, the authors include many code examples and detailed instructions for building your own system and setting up your entire development environment.
Although LBIS applications are still in the beginning stages, they have the potential to transform our daily lives, from warning us about possible health problems to monitoring pollution levels around us. Exploring this novel technology, Location-Based Information Systems describes the technical components needed to create location-based services with an emphasis on nonproprietary, freely available solutions that work across different technologies and platforms.
This is not another book about online dispute resolution (ODR). Rather, it is about how various information technology (IT) solutions may be put to good use in traditional arbitral proceedings. Because IT tools can reduce costs and time radically by accelerating the arbitral process, the trend toward more and more use of such tools in arbitral proceedings is unstoppable. For arbitration professionals, be they arbitrators or counsel, this book brings the landscape of this changed practice into clear focus, dispersing mists of confusion and clarifying the choices they will inevitably be called upon to make. In this first handbook on what is likely to become one of tomorrow's incontrovertible topics in the field of arbitration, a well-known expert in ODR guides the reader through the reasons to use IT and its practicalities, the choices made by the prevalent arbitration institutions in this regard, and the legal limits to the use of such technologies. His powerful 'toolbox' includes a wealth of practice guidelines, drafting suggestions for arbitrators or parties wishing to use IT, and checklists and reminders to be used in practice. Among the efficiency-promoting IT tools thoroughly explained are the following: case management websites; videoconferencing; live notes; ODR platforms as ready-to-use solutions; online filing; and e-mail. The presentation focuses on the IT systems developed by major arbitral institutions like the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the American Arbitration Association (AAA), and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), with detailed guidance through their case management websites, virtual case rooms, extranets, and other IT tools allowing multiparty communications. The book's highly accessible text - complete with anecdotes, vividly depicted examples, and interesting background information - is backed with great knowledge and expertise in the uses of IT in law practice, so the reader is assured of gaining confident awareness of the easy advantages to grasp and the stumbling blocks to avoid as he or she proceeds. This is a book in which anyone involved in an arbitration, or even likely to be, will discover great benefit.
At last! A guide to web marketing written by a small business owner for small business owners. This jargon-free guide takes the reader step by step through the black art of trying to get websites to the front page of Google. Based on the author's own experience over the last 15 years with various websites for his own business, this guide covers the basics of keyword strategy, optimising page content, linking and using Google to get websites to the first page in Google. You don t have to know anything about designing websites to benefit from this book. If you use external web designers then the information in this book can be used to badger and cajole them into putting many of these ideas into practice. If your web designers are telling you that they are experts in optimising websites to appear on Google, then this book will help you check this from the comfort of your own desk. More importantly, if your competitor s websites are doing better than your own, then this book will help you analyse how they are achieving this and how to use this information to improve your own website. This book is for all those hard working small business owners out there. Use it and make your on-line business prosper.
What is information? Who are the information rich and who are the information poor? How can there be equality of access for users in the light of the political, economic and cultural pressures that are placed upon information creators, gatherers and keepers? Set against a broad historical backdrop, The Information Society explores the information revolution that continues to gather pace, as the understanding and management of information becomes even more important in a world where data can be transmitted in a split second. This latest edition of this standard work has been fully updated to take account of the changing landscape and technological developments since 2008. The social Web, or Web 2.0, is now embedded in daily life, and some of its applications have become the most popular forms of communication system. Even the predominance of email - one of the most familiar manifestations of the information revolution - is now threatened by texting and the use of such applications as Twitter. The ways in which we expect to interact with information - and how much we are willing to pay for access to it - are throwing up new opportunities and debates. At a societal level, as the quantity of personal digitized information continues to grow exponentially, so do both the benefits of exploiting it and the dangers of misusing it. The use of ICT to make government more accessible has to be balanced against the use of technologies that enable the state to be more vigilant or more intrusive, according to one's point of view. Behind all of this lies further technical change: the massive expansion of connectivity to high-speed broadband networks; the phased abandonment of analogue broadcasting; and above all the widespread availability and use of sophisticated multi-functional mobile devices which carry voice, video and data and which can themselves be carried anywhere. The implications for daily life, for education, for work and for social and political relationships are massive. This questioning, open-minded look at the information profession and its break-out from the traditional boundaries of librarianship will interest all information professionals. It is also invaluable for students on courses in information, librarianship and communications studies, where an understanding of the nature of the information society is an essential underpinning of more advanced work.
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